Texas Hold'em Rules


Hold'em is usually played by nine or ten players. Figure 1 shows a typical landing for this poker game. In this example, ten players are sitting at the table with the same pots(number of chips).

Dealer chip

The dealer chip,the disc labeled "Dealer" or "D", is a very important partof the game as it shows who is dealt and is in the "button" position.Each player will have to visit the dealer once in one round. If you play in casino, there will be a professional dealer at the table with you, dealing cards to everyone but himself. However, in this case the dealer's chip moves ina circle from player to player.

First, the cardshare dealt to the player to the left of the button, and then clockwise. InFigure 1, player 1 has the dealer's token. In the next hand, player 2 will haveit, then player 3, and so on. In a company without a professional dealer,players deal cards (are dealers) in turn.

The dealer's position (button) is the most favorable in the game. The player at this place makes the last bet, after he saw what decisions were made by the others. An exception is the first round of betting, as the blinds come into play immediately after the dealer.

Blinds("blind bets")

Before the players receive the cards, according to the rules, the two players to the left of the dealer are required to post the so-called blinds - mandatory bets that are madeby default in every hand. The player to the left of the button (Figure 1) posts half the required bet - the small blind. The next player places a full bet -the big blind. In our example, the small blind is $ 1 and the big blind is $ 2.


After the small and big blinds have been posted, each player is dealt two cards face down and face down. These are pocket cards. The best starting cards, as the rules ofTexas Hold'em say, are two aces. The first round of preflop betting begins.

Pre-round or pre-flop

After the poker blinds have been posted and the hole cards have been dealt, trading begins. This round is called preliminary.The first player to enter the trade is the player to the left of the big blind(in Figure 1, this would be player 4). He can post the big blind, which in our example would be $ 2, raise, or fold. If the player decides to fold, then hediscards his cards face down in the center of the table and waits for the nextel. The move continues to the next player clockwise until each player isgiven the opportunity to bet, raise it, or fold.

In general, trading rules can be a little confusing for beginners. In Figure 1 (above) you can see that players 2 and 3 have posted the small and big blinds. If all of the players to the left of Player 3 decide to call the $ 2 bet (that is, they also bet $ 2), the move goesto the small blind, Player 2, who has only bet $ 1 so far. Now he has a choice- to bet $ 1 and support, raise it or fold and fold, losing $ 1 this hand.Regardless of his decision, the big blind bets last.

If the player inthe big blind (Player 2) decides to raise, then all the remaining players must either raise, call, or fold. For example, let's say players 4 and 5 call thebig blind of $ 2, but player 6 decides to raise to $ 4. All players to the left of Player 6 must now either support the $ 4 bet, raise again, or fold. Singleplayer 2 is already in the small blind, he only reports an additional $ 3.Players 3, 4, and 5 have already bet $ 2, so they must deliver another $ 2.According to the rules of Texas Hold'em poker, they also have a choice: raised fold. Figure 2 demonstrates what might have happened:

After Player 6 made a $ 4 bet, Player 7 decided to fold and is now out of the game. Player 8 has decided to support $ 4. Players 9, 10, and 1 folded and also left the game.Players 2, 3, 4, and 5 support Player 6's bet. Once all bets have been equal(that is, no one else raises), the first round of betting ends. In our example,there are 6 players left at the table and the pot is $ 24 ($ 4 x 6). Players move on to the next betting round.


After the first betting round is over, according to the rules of the game, the dealer places three community cards in the center of the table. All remaining players use these three cards along with their two starting cards to make the best hand.These three cards are called the "flop". In Figure 3, you see anexample of a flop:

As you can see, inFigure 3, all bets from the previous round make up a pot ($ 24). After the flop, a new round of betting begins. The player to the left of the dealer places a bet first. In our example, this is the small blind, player 2. There are no more compulsory bets, and the player has two options - check or put chips in the pot. "Checking" means that a player remains in the draw with out raising if the number of chips he has invested matches the rates of the previous players. When a player checks, the move goes to the next active player, who may also check. If a player wants to skip, he says"check" or bangs his fingers on the table (or clicks the corresponding button when playing online poker).

However, if someone decides to start trading and place a bet, then according to the rules of the game of Texas Hold'em, the following players cannot check and must call,raise or fold the bet. And this also applies to all the players who previously said "check". Once all bets for this round have been made or all players have checked, you can proceed to the next round of betting. In our example, players 2, 3, 4, and 5 checked after the flop. But Player 6 bet $ 4 and Player 8 supported him. Players 2, 3, and 4 all folded, but Player 5 called for $ 4. These three players go to the turn.


After the second round of betting is completed, another card is placed on the table, called the"turn". As you can see from Figure 4, there are only three players left in the hand, the rest folded on the flop.

You can also see that the pot is now $ 36: $ 24 from the first round and $ 12 post-flop bet.After the 4th community card appears, a new round begins according to the same Hold'em rules as the previous one. Traditionally, trading begins with the first active (remaining in the hand) player to the left of the dealer. In our example, this is Player 5. He can check or bet. Let's assume that Player 5 checks the same as Players 6 and 8. If all players check, the round ends and wego to the river. Since no one placed a bet, the pot didn't increase.


After the third round of betting is over, a fifth, final card called the "river" is placed on the table. Figure 5 shows the situation after the fifth card has been placed on the table.

With the appearance of the fifth card, a new round of betting begins. Suppose in our hand player 5 bets $ 4, and player 6 raises another $ 4 (the bet becomes $ 8), player 8 folds, and player 5 calls and reports another $ 4. If the last betting round ends with two or more active players, we proceed to showdown, the final stage of the game.


After the final betting round is complete, it's time to find out who won the hand and,accordingly, the pot. Now that all cards are on the table, each player can combine their hole cards with any of the five community cards to get the best combination. Players now reveal their cards. As the rules say, the last player to raise (player 6) must show his cards first. In Figure 6, both players faceup:

Whose combination won?

So, as you can see, player has 5 straight (8, 9, 10, J, Q), and player 6 has three (4, 4, 4,A, J). If you learned hand ranking in the previous lesson, then you should know that a straight always beats a three (set). Therefore, player 5 wins this hand.After the final round of betting, the prize is $ 52. Player 5 receives the $52. You can start a new distribution.

As the rules of the game of poker say, the hand can be finished even before the players get to the flop. Our example has cometo showdown. But if conditional player 5 had made a bet, for example, at $ 8 pre flop, and no one supported it (everyone folded), then player 5 would have taken the pot. The same can happen on the flop, the turn, and the river.Imagine a boxing match where an athlete can win the first round by knockout, orcan stand 12 rounds, and victory is determined by points.

It's also worth noting that once you've gotten to showdown, you don't even have to use your two cards. If your best hand consists entirely of cards lying on the table, then you are said to be playing on the table. For example: if the five community cards (flop, turn and river) make up the royal flush, the best hand in poker,then all the remaining active players share the prize, regardless of their cards. Even though each player has seven cards, only five of them make up thehand - the top five.

Hand of cardsin Texas Hold'em

If you score, when playing Texas Hold'em, the card combinations are ranked as follows:

The "high card" is not a combination, just its value is taken into account when the opponent also has "nothing", or in cases when the players have thesame combinations. For example, both have the same pair or two pairs. With a straight, a straight with an ace is also possible, where an ace can be counted as one - A-2-3-4-5 (small straight).

Obviously, some ofthe combinations of "hole" cards can further increase on the flop,turn or river. For example, a pair of suited connectors (9♠ 8♠  or q♥k♥, etc.) can "catch" a straight or flush on the river nine times out of a hundred.

By the way, thepair that came during the distribution does not often justify itself as itmight seem at first glance, and the probability of making a set is not muchgreater than getting two more (pair) to one of your two pocket cards during thegame. Such situations should always be taken into account when making adecision at the bidding stage in a particular round.

Limit and No Limit Hold'em

Above we reviewed the rules of the game in Limit Texas Hold'em FL $ 2 / $ 4, where all bets,including raises (raises) and reraises (re-raises) are fixed. In this case,everything is very simple - on the first two betting rounds (preflop and flop),the size of the first bet (including the big blind) is equal to the lower limit($ 2), and in the third and fourth (turn and river) - the upper limit ($ 4).The small blind is always half the big blind. The number of raises is also limited - no more than four in each betting round.

The rules of no-limit hold'em say that the maximum bet can be any and is limited only byyour available money (stack). The number of promotions is also not limited. Thesize of the big blind, as well as the size of the minimum raise (raise), is indicated in the name of the table. For example, in NL10 Hold'em the big blind will be $ 10. Thanks to this freedom of action, many poker strategies are written specifically for this type of game.

These were the basics of playing Texas Hold'em.


In Omaha poker, the rules are almost identical to Texas Hold'em. Both disciplines have four stages of betting: preflop, flop, turn and river. The same actions on each street and the same mandatory bets - small and big blind.

The combinations and their strength in Omaha Poker are identical to the combinations of cards in Hold'em. If you know them, it will be easy for you to navigate.

The stronger the hand, the higher it is on the list:

We only use two pocket cards

According to the rules of Poker Omaha, 2 pocket and 3 community cards are always involved in making a combination. The 2 + 3 rule is the main difference from Hold'em, inwhich a hand can be made from any 5 cards.

The player must use exactly two out of four pocket cards. He cannot choose three, four or onlyone pocket card - in the final combination of five cards, three common onesmust always be present. This limitation reduces the number of monster hands.

Example: in the picture below the player has pocket If you choose any cards for making the final hand,like in Hold'em, it is best to use a pocket and four more table cards.The result wouldbe a street: In fact, we can only use 3 community cards, the best combination in this situation is much weaker - this is the highest ace:

A combination according to the Omaha rules is highlighted in green, in red - according to the rules of Hold'em.

Limits and rules for betting in pot-limit Omaha

Most of the game is concentrated in pot-limit Omaha (PLO for Pot-Limit Omaha). Pot Limit is atype of poker where the maximum bet is tied to the size of the pot.

PLO is common asthe stake limit helps reduce the high impact of luck on results. Since there are four cards on hand at once, the probability of collecting powerfulcombinations increases. Players are more likely to invest in the pot, which would lead to frequent all-ins on the turn. Limitations on the size of betsreduce the dependence of momentary wins and losses on luck.

Maximum Raise in PLO: Current Pot Size + Double Call Size. Postflop, the maximum size of the first raise is equal to the pot without adding a double call, since no one has put money into the pot yet.

Example: PLO,blinds $ 1 / $ 2.

The first player limps for $ 2 (1 big blind). The next one makes the maximum bet possible - $ 9.The principle of counting on any street of trading: after limping, the pot was$ 5. Add a double call size of $ 2 to the pot and get: $ 5 + $ 4 = $ 9.

Formula and example of calculating the maximum raise in PLO

What are the varieties

Omaha Hi is themost common variety. Here the rules are standard - the strongest hand wins the pot.

Omaha Hi / Lo

Here the big combinations take only half of the pot. The remaining half goes to those who havethe best so-called low-hands - the worst possible combos, which are evaluated according to rules different from Hold'em.

Five-card Omaha

its peculiarity is that not four, but five pocket cards are dealt to your hands. Discipline can also be either Hi or Hi /Lo.

Although most choose the pot-limit version, there are varieties with a different type of bet.Bets in the limit version coincide with the rules for betting in limit hold'em- the size of bets is tied to the size of the big blind, and no more than three raises can be made on each street. On preflop and flop, the bet is always equalto the big blind, on the turn and river - to double the big blind.

In the no-limit version, bets are limited only by the stack - on any street you can immediately go all-in.

Spin And GO

Spin and Go Poker Bank

Competitions heldfor this type of poker may have significant rewards in excess of 3600 player buy-ins. Moreover, the game is often played to the point where one winner takes everything. Unlike other tournament games, where the prize places can be from 10 to 1000 and the bank is divided in corresponding shares for all, in spin andgo poker, one player wins, which makes the victory more delightful, but alsomore difficult.

Spin And Go Tournament Standards

·  The duration of one game does not exceed 3 minutes;
·  The stack with which the players enter the game - 500 chips;
·  Start blind - 10/20;
·  The schedule for changing the size of the blinds is noted in the tour nament conditions before its registration room.

Consider themain options for the course of events:

Competitions heldfor this type of poker may have significant rewards in excess of 3600 player buy-ins. Moreover, the game is often played to the point where one winner takes everything. Unlike other tournament games, where the prize places can be from 10 to 1000 and the bank is divided in corresponding shares for all, in spin andgo poker, one player wins, which makes the victory more delightful, but alsomore difficult.

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